Greek Basics: Lesson 3

Do you remember how to say…

Translate this:
Your answer:

So let’s add to that.

Greek for because is γιατί, which also can mean why.

Translate this:
Your answer:

Notice how the second αυτή was left out. Remember that you could have also said Αυτή το θέλει γιατί δεν το έχει γιατί το έχω εγώ.

Greek is a “polite” language, which means that it has a different word for you depending on if you want to be formal or familiar.

The formal word for you in Greek is εσείς.

To form the εσείς-form of the verb, change the -ει or -εί ending from the αυτός-form to -ετε or -είτε.

Translate this:
Your answer:

Translate this:
Your answer:

You should also know that εσείς is used when speaking to more than one person, even if you want to be familiar with them. Simple, right?

Translate this:
Your answer:

One more:

Translate this:
Your answer:

Before we move onto the informal you, let’s do some review. Can you remember:

Translate this:
Your answer:

Translate this:
Your answer:

Try to say this one with the different word order that I have been mentioning.

Translate this:
Your answer:

Now, let’s learn the informal word for you.

You (informal) in Greece is εσύ. It sounds just like the plural form but without the ‘s’ sound at the end. You can think of this as because εσείς is also the plural of εσύ.

To form the εσύ-form of the verb, just add to the αυτός-form of the verb.

Translate this:
Your answer:

Translate this:
Your answer:

Translate this:
Your answer:

Translate this:
Your answer:

Keep speaking informally. Try to use that “backwards” word order again.

Translate this:
Your answer:

Do you remember when I tricked you when I told to you to say we hear in Greek? Try not to get tricked by these ones.

Translate this:
Your answer:

And…

Translate this:
Your answer:

We are going to learn just a couple more things.

Does, as in he does, in Greek is κάνει. This also means makes.

Translate this:
Your answer:

You might notice that in English it sounds weird to say I do it and might sound better to say I’m doing it. In Greek, you can only say I do it.

Translate this:
Your answer:

Translate this:
Your answer:

Bread in Greek is ψωμί.

Translate this:
Your answer:

For me in Greek is για μένα.

One last sentence.

Translate this:
Your answer:

Remember to drop the second εμείς.

Great job. See you in the lesson. :)


NOTE: This appears to be the last lesson so far. The course is not marked as finished so there should probably be more lessons in the future. In the meanwhile, you might want to check out some of the other courses we have:

Greek Alphabet a course of Greek with 5 lessons produced by Linas
Greek Medio-Passive Voice Explained a course of Greek with 10 lessons produced by Linas
Greek Alphabet a course of Greek with 5 lessons produced by Linas
Introduction to Estonian a course of Estonian with 5 lessons produced by Linas
Introduction to Lithuanian a course of Lithuanian with 5 lessons produced by Linas

You can also return to the main page of the labs to see all of the courses we have here.