Kant: Lesson 1
What Matters is the Motive/Immanuel Kant
What is Freedom
“Here, then, is the link between freedom as autonomy and Kant’s idea of morality. To act freely is not to choose the best means to a given end; it is to choose the end itself, for its own sake – a choice that human beings can make and billiard balls( and most animals) cannot” (109).
What’s moral? Look for the Motive
“What matters, Kant tells us, is that the good deed be done because it’s the right thing to do – whether or not doing it gives us pleasure” (115).
“As long as he(spelling bee hero) did the right thing for the right reason, feeling good about it doesn’t undermine its moral worth” (116).
What is the Supreme Principle of Morality?
What are the following contrasts?
Categorical Versus Hypothetical Imperatives
Morality and Freedom
“We can now see the link, as Kant conceives it, between morality and freedom. Acting morally means acting out of duty – for the sake of the moral law. The moral law consists of a categorical imperative, a principle that requires us to treat persons with respect, as ends in themselves. Only when I act in accordance with the categorical imperative am I acting freely” (124).
Questions for Kant
This question falls into the 4th contrast, the contrast of standpoints.
Sex, Lies, and Politics