Introduction to Turkish: Lesson 5

Possessives

If the last letter of the word is p, you change it into b.

If the last letter of the word is ç, you change it into c.

If the last letter of the word is t, you change it into d.

If the last letter of the word is k, you change it into g.

In some words, you remove the last vowel of the word.

my (benim)

-m = if the word ends in a vowel

-ım = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is a or ı

-im = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is e or i

-um = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is o or u

-üm = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is ö or ü

your (singular) (senin)

-n = if the word ends in a vowel

-ın = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is a or ı

-in = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is e or i

-un = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is o or u

-ün = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is ö or ü

his/her/its (onun)

= if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is a or ı

-i = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is e or i

-u = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is o or u

= if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is ö or ü

-sı = if the word ends in a or ı

-si = if the word ends in e or i

-su = if the word ends in o or u

-sü = if the word ends in ö or ü

our (bizim)

-mız = if the word ends in a vowel

-ımız = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is a or ı

-imiz = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is e or i

-umuz = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is o or u

-ümüz = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is ö or ü

your (plural/polite) (sizin)

-nız = if the word ends in a vowel

-ınız = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is a or ı

-iniz = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is e or i

-unuz = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is o or u

-ünüz = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is ö or ü

their (onların)

-ları = if their refers to people, the word’s last vowel is a, ı, o or u

-leri = if their refers to people, the word’s last vowel is e, i, ö or ü

= if their doesn’t refer to people, the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is a or ı

-i = if their doesn’t refer to people, the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is e or i

-u = if their doesn’t refer to people, the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is o or u

= if their doesn’t refer to people, the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is ö or ü

-sı = if their doesn’t refer to people and the word ends in a or ı

-si = if their doesn’t refer to people and the word ends in e or i

-su = if their doesn’t refer to people and the word ends in o or u

-sü = if their doesn’t refer to people and the word ends in ö or ü

Some words of Arabic origin require the suffix -leri to be added.

If "their" refers to animals, plants or inanimate things, please look at

The word for pepper is biber.

The word for tree is ağaç.

The word for rubber is silgi.

The word for paper is kağıt.

Let’s try the word biber (pepper) (using the possessive pronouns).

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And now, let’s try the word ağaç (tree).

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Introduction to Uzbek Structures a course of Uzbek with 5 lessons produced by GBarto
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