Introduction to Uyghur: Lesson 3

Cases

Below are the cases in Uyghur:

Nominative = Ø

Genitive = -ning

Dative = -gha, -ge, -qa, -ke

Accusative = -ni

Locative = -da, -de

Ablative = -din

Genitive Case

The genitive case doesn’t change words ending in consonants, but in vowels.

e.g.

"bashning" (bash + -ning) "of a/the head"

"balining" (bala + -ning) "of a/the child", not "balaning"

The word for child is bala.

The word for language is til.

Let’s practise the genitive case with exercises.

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Dative Case

The suffix -gha is used if the word ends in a back vowel or a soft consonant, the last vowel being a back vowel.

The suffix -ge is used if the word ends in a front vowel or a soft consonant, the last vowel being a back vowel.

The suffix -qa is used if the word ends in a back vowel or a hard consonant, the last vowel being a back vowel.

The suffix -ke is used if the word ends in a front vowel or a hard consonant, the last vowel being a back vowel.

There will be no change in words unless the word ends in a vowel.

Let’s practise the dative case too with exercises.

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Accusative Case

The accusative case is formed by adding "-ni" to the end of the word.

Again, there will be no change in words unless the word ends in a vowel.

Let’s practise the accusative case too with exercises.

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Locative Case


NOTE: This appears to be the last lesson so far. The course is not marked as finished so there should probably be more lessons in the future. In the meanwhile, you might want to check out some of the other courses we have:

Introduction to Lithuanian a course of Lithuanian with 5 lessons produced by Linas
Arabic Alphabet a course of Arabic with 14 lessons produced by CarlKenner
Introduction to Estonian a course of Estonian with 5 lessons produced by Linas

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