Well, before going on to questions, I’ll introduce you to you, jij. unstressed is je. Jij and je are very INFORMAL. Jij needs a form of he. (with a -t)
1 translation: You speak Dutch.
But, instead of using heeft, jij/je uses hebt.
2 translation: You have it, but I need it.
If you speak to someone you don’t know, or someone who is more important than you, you use u instead of jij/je. U behaves the same as hij/zij.
3 translation: You have
4 translation: You need it
Well, It’s time for Questions.
It’s not so hard, only put the sentence in a different order.
For normal sentences, the order is Subject-Verb-Object.
In a question it is: Verb-Subject-Object.DO NOT USE DOE, LIKE IN ENGLISH!!!!!!!
5 translation: Do you have it?
6 translation: Do they need English?
7 translation: Do you(form.) speak Dutch?
8 translation: Do we need it and does she have it?
It’s not really hard.
To answer, say: Ja (yes), or Nee (no).
9 translation: Do you(inform.) have it? No.
10 translation: Do you(form.) speak Dutch? Yes.
A last thing I want to tell you, is that the verb, as used by we and they (wij and zij) is also the infinitive.
11 translation: To have
12 translation: To need
13 translation: To speak
Spreek is long, but it isn’t spreeken, but spreken (you would say spreeken the same as spreken). Actually, hebben is a short e as in bed, hebben is another e, and you have to pronounce it as in ze and je.
Hope you understand it all!
If you don’t, just do some lessons again!