Dutch lesson: Lesson 4

Well, before going on to questions, I’ll introduce you to you, jij. unstressed is je. Jij and je are very INFORMAL. Jij needs a form of he. (with a -t)

1 translation: You speak Dutch.

But, instead of using heeft, jij/je uses hebt.

2 translation: You have it, but I need it.

If you speak to someone you don’t know, or someone who is more important than you, you use u instead of jij/je. U behaves the same as hij/zij.

3 translation: You have

4 translation: You need it

Well, It’s time for Questions.

It’s not so hard, only put the sentence in a different order.

For normal sentences, the order is Subject-Verb-Object.

In a question it is: Verb-Subject-Object.


5 translation: Do you have it?

6 translation: Do they need English?

7 translation: Do you(form.) speak Dutch?

8 translation: Do we need it and does she have it?

It’s not really hard.

To answer, say: Ja (yes), or Nee (no).

9 translation: Do you(inform.) have it? No.

10 translation: Do you(form.) speak Dutch? Yes.

A last thing I want to tell you, is that the verb, as used by we and they (wij and zij) is also the infinitive.

11 translation: To have

12 translation: To need

13 translation: To speak

Spreek is long, but it isn’t spreeken, but spreken (you would say spreeken the same as spreken). Actually, hebben is a short e as in bed, hebben is another e, and you have to pronounce it as in ze and je.

Hope you understand it all!

If you don’t, just do some lessons again!


Answers to Lesson 4

1 answer: Je spreekt Nederlands.
2 answer: Jij hebt het, maar ik heb het nodig.
3 answer: U heeft.
4 answer: U heeft het nodig.
5 answer: Heb je het?
6 answer: Hebben ze Engels Nodig?
7 answer: Spreekt u Nederlands?
8 answer: Hebben we het nodig en heeft ze het?
9 answer: Heb je het? Nee.
10 answer: Spreekt u Nederlands? Ja.
11 answer: Hebben
12 answer: Nodig hebben
13 answer: Spreken