Introduction to Turkish: Lesson 5

Possessives
If the last letter of the word is p, you change it into b.
If the last letter of the word is ç, you change it into c.
If the last letter of the word is t, you change it into d.
If the last letter of the word is k, you change it into g.
In some words, you remove the last vowel of the word.
my (benim) -m = if the word ends in a vowel -ım = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is a or ı -im = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is e or i -um = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is o or u -üm = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is ö or ü your (singular) (senin) -n = if the word ends in a vowel -ın = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is a or ı -in = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is e or i -un = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is o or u -ün = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is ö or ü his/her/its (onun) = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is a or ı -i = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is e or i -u = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is o or u = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is ö or ü -sı = if the word ends in a or ı -si = if the word ends in e or i -su = if the word ends in o or u -sü = if the word ends in ö or ü our (bizim) -mız = if the word ends in a vowel -ımız = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is a or ı -imiz = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is e or i -umuz = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is o or u -ümüz = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is ö or ü your (plural/polite) (sizin) -nız = if the word ends in a vowel -ınız = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is a or ı -iniz = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is e or i -unuz = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is o or u -ünüz = if the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is ö or ü their (onların) -ları = if their refers to people, the word’s last vowel is a, ı, o or u -leri = if their refers to people, the word’s last vowel is e, i, ö or ü = if their doesn’t refer to people, the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is a or ı -i = if their doesn’t refer to people, the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is e or i -u = if their doesn’t refer to people, the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is o or u = if their doesn’t refer to people, the word ends in a consonant and the last vowel is ö or ü -sı = if their doesn’t refer to people and the word ends in a or ı -si = if their doesn’t refer to people and the word ends in e or i -su = if their doesn’t refer to people and the word ends in o or u -sü = if their doesn’t refer to people and the word ends in ö or ü
Some words of Arabic origin require the suffix -leri to be added.
If "their" refers to animals, plants or inanimate things, please look at
The word for pepper is biber.
The word for tree is ağaç.
The word for rubber is silgi.
The word for paper is kağıt.

Let’s try the word biber (pepper) (using the possessive pronouns).

1 translation: my pepper

2 translation: your (sg) pepper

3 translation: his/her/its pepper

4 translation: our pepper

5 translation: your (pol/pl) pepper

6 translation: their (people) pepper

7 translation: their (non-people) pepper

And now, let’s try the word ağaç (tree).

8 translation: my tree

9 translation: your (sg) tree

10 translation: his/her/its tree

11 translation: our tree

12 translation: you (pol/pl) tree

13 translation: their (people) tree

14 translation: their (non-people) tree

Answers to Lesson 5

1 answer: benim biberim
2 answer: senin biberin
3 answer: onun biberi
4 answer: bizim biberimiz
5 answer: sizin biberiniz
6 answer: onların biberleri
7 answer: onların biberi
8 answer: benim ağacım
9 answer: senin ağacın
10 answer: onun ağacı
11 answer: bizim ağacımız
12 answer: sizin ağacınız
13 answer: onların ağaçları
14 answer: onların ağacı