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Introduction to Esperanto: 30

Alright. We have words for to work (labori), to study (studi), to learn (lerni), to be (esti). That's quite a few words already, and all of them are in one way or another related to words in English.

Let's talk about HOW we do things, and in the next lesson we will talk about WHAT we do exactly.

Esperanto for how is kiel.

Another kuestion word now, isn’t it? You can remember that kiel means how by imagining that, when you are asking how, you are asking how well or ki-well]- kiel (okay, maybe that's a bit of a stretch...).

You could ask literally how she works:

  1. This is an adjective, not an adverb, so the ending of this one is "a".
  2. The verb endings on "lerni" and "labori" will be "as".
  3. Remember that "fartas" means "to be doing" already, thus you will not need the word for "to be" in that sentence.
  4. Do you still remember that "I" is "mi"? Also be careful not to miss the word "very".
  5. Apply the present tense "as" ending to the word "havi", and also mark objectivity on the word "ĝi" by adding an "n". 
  6. Remember to mark objectivity on the word "tio". Also use the appropriate present "as" and "i" endings.
  7. Did you remember to mark objectivity on the word "kio"?
  8. Yes, add an "n" to "Esperanto" to mark objectivity.
  9. Use the present tense "as" form of the word "lerni" ("to learn").
  10. Use the present tense "as" form of the word "studi" and also mark objectivity where appropriate.
  11. Do NOT mark objectivity on this one. See the next lesson for why.
  12. Use a form of the word "ĝi".
  13. Remember the word for "labour".
  14. Don't forget to mark objectivity on the word "saluto"!
  15. We are using it not as a greeting but just describing a day, thus do not mark objectivity on this on. Also, remember that "good" is "bona".
  16. Remember that the word for "to say" is "diri" and use it in the right form. Also don't forget to add the objectivity marker on BOTH the adjective and the noun.
  17. Now do mark objectivity on this one. Remember that you need to mark it on both words.
  18. No need for quotation marks or anything. Also remember to mark objectivity.
  19. This will be just one word, objectivity marked.
  20. Remember that it's similar to the word "salute".
  21. Literally "how you are-doing?"
  22. Use the word "kaj" for "and". Rememeber that "well" is an adverb and will therefore need the "e" ending.
  23. Remember that "badly" is the opposite of "well", so you will be needing to add "mal" somewhere.
  24. Mark objectivity on the word "kio".
  25. "History" is "historio". Mark objectivity on it too.
  26. Literally "where from you are?"
  27. "France" was "Francujo".
  28. Remember the "an" suffix for group members, and also mark objectivity in the second sentence.
  29. Use "kio" as your k-uestion word, and "via" as the word for "your".
  30. Use a form of "study", and also mark objectivity in the second sentence.
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