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Introduction to Esperanto: 36

As we said, just because you have this n marker, you can have a relatively free word order in Esperanto. You could say ĝin mi havas or mi ĝin havas or even havas ĝin mi and it’s clear what the object is and who is doing the action.

Do you still remember the word for that: tio?

Well, tio is the word when it’s not an object. If it is an object, it must get that n marker. How would you say:

  1. Remember to mark objectivity on the word "tio". Also use the appropriate present "as" and "i" endings.
  2. Did you remember to mark objectivity on the word "kio"?
  3. Yes, add an "n" to "Esperanto" to mark objectivity.
  4. Use the present tense "as" form of the word "lerni" ("to learn").
  5. Use the present tense "as" form of the word "studi" and also mark objectivity where appropriate.
  6. Do NOT mark objectivity on this one. See the next lesson for why.
  7. Use a form of the word "ĝi".
  8. Remember the word for "labour".
  9. Don't forget to mark objectivity on the word "saluto"!
  10. We are using it not as a greeting but just describing a day, thus do not mark objectivity on this on. Also, remember that "good" is "bona".
  11. Remember that the word for "to say" is "diri" and use it in the right form. Also don't forget to add the objectivity marker on BOTH the adjective and the noun.
  12. Now do mark objectivity on this one. Remember that you need to mark it on both words.
  13. No need for quotation marks or anything. Also remember to mark objectivity.
  14. This will be just one word, objectivity marked.
  15. Remember that it's similar to the word "salute".
  16. Literally "how you are-doing?"
  17. Use the word "kaj" for "and". Rememeber that "well" is an adverb and will therefore need the "e" ending.
  18. Remember that "badly" is the opposite of "well", so you will be needing to add "mal" somewhere.
  19. Mark objectivity on the word "kio".
  20. "History" is "historio". Mark objectivity on it too.
  21. Literally "where from you are?"
  22. "France" was "Francujo".
  23. Remember the "an" suffix for group members, and also mark objectivity in the second sentence.
  24. Use "kio" as your k-uestion word, and "via" as the word for "your".
  25. Use a form of "study", and also mark objectivity in the second sentence.
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