Introduction to Sambahsa: 24

« Of » is translated following different ways in Sambahsa. If you want to say « of the », you have to decline the article in the « genitive ». For « id », the corresponding genitive is « ios » jos. Otherwise, « of » is translated with a « declined » preposition, which agrees with the gender and the number of the « owner ». For a single thing or male being, « of » is « os ». In Sambahsa, « w » can be used as a vowel (when it is between two consonants) ; then, it is pronounced u. « car » is « wogh » wog in Sambahsa, « on » is « ep », « corner » is « wangwl » 'waŋgul and “street” is “strad” strad. So please translate : “The car of John is on the corner of the street”.

  1. The key to this sentence is to correctly use 'os' for 'of' and 'ios' for 'of the'. Remember that 'is' is 'est'.
  2. 'Master' was 'mayster', and 'the' was 'i'. Five words in this sentence: 'the slaves are-afraid-of the masters'.
  3. 'Her' refers to 'her own', so you will be using the word 'sien' in this sentence. Moreover, remember that 'tolk' changes its final 'k' to a 'c' when you add the ending 't'. 
  4. Use 'eys' for 'his' in both instances in this phrase. 'Is' is 'est'.
  5. Use 'sien' for 'his', as it refers to 'his own' house. Also remember that 'salg' becomes 'salc' when you add the 't'.
  6. Use 'sien' in this phrase.
  7. Change the 'k' in 'tolk' into a 'c' when the ending is added. For 'the', remember that you will be using 'iom.
  8. Remember that 'car' was 'wogh'.
  9. Remember that 'stah' (like 'poh') simply adds a 't'. Also remember that 'of the' was 'ios' and, finally, street is 'strad'.
  10. Remember that the last 'g' in ghancg will change to an 's' when you add the conjugation ending 's'. Don't forget the personal pronoun right after the verb ('why walk YOU in the middle of the street'). Finally, 'medsu' already includes all of 'the middle of', so next you will only need to say 'the street' in the nominative case.
  11. Remember that you will be adding 'm' to the end of 'vah' for this conjugation. You will not be using the word for 'I'.
  12. Remember, a "gangway" is where you can "ghang". It  has the plural ending 'ent' here. No need to use the word for 'they' in this sentence.
  13. You need to put a hyphenated 'Ee-' before 'docent', not an unhyphenated one.
  14. Remember to pu the hyphenated 'Ee-' before 'gwahnt', and that 'the' will become 'iens' in this sentence.
  15. Remember to use 'Ste' for 'you are', and also to change 'id' to 'iom' before 'mayster'.
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