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Introduction to Swedish: 2

Swedish for you is du.

This word is used when addressing people both formally and informally nowadays. It is backed up by an interesting story: people had an informal word for you for calling friends, which was du, and a formal one which was Ni. They also had a tradition of addressing people by their profession or title, as in "would professor like to read my paper?" instead of "would you like to read my paper?". If a person you were talking to didn’t have any title but you still wanted to address them politely, you would then say Ni. With time, the use of Ni started becoming a bit derogatory since you imply that the person you are talking to has no title... well, and the whole thing was a mess: switching between titles, Ni and du...

Until in 1968, when a few important politicians, including the Swedish prime minister at that time, stated that they wanted to be called by du and not by their title or Ni. That trend quickly caught on, and Swedish has virtually lost Ni in a few years. Well, that is until now, where Ni has been making a bit of a comeback (oh dear), but du is still very much the preferred way to address people.

Leaving the stories aside and starting to practice, how would you say:

  1. It is just the same as in the last lesson, except you have "Du" instead of "Jag".
  2. Mind the fact that the word order in Swedish will be, literally, "I have it not". It just sounds better, doesn't it?
  3. The word order is the same as in English.
  4. Remember that "here" is "här".
  5. This will have the exact same word order as English.
  6. Remember that you will have you word order as "she has it not".
  7. Remember that the second part of the sentence will include "eftersom det inte är" - thus the word "inte" changes its position in the joining sentence.
  8. Remember "handhun" to get the word for "he". Also, just add an "r" to "tala" to get the word for "speaks".
  9. Your word order will be almost exactly the same as in English: "Speak you Swedish?"
  10. Remember the word "talar". Also write English and Swedish in the right order.
  11. This is just three words, should be easy.
  12. This is literally "speak you English?"
  13. Your word order will be "they speak not Swedish because they are English". Remember the final "e" for plural.
  14. Don't forget the final "e"
  15. Your word order is "Speak you all English?"
  16. Remember that "vill" already means "want to", thus you will only need four words in this phrase.
  17. The word you're looking for is probably vara. Your word order has to be: "we want not be here". 
  18. The word "vill" already means "want to", thus this sentence is four words long (and yes, it includes the word vara).
  19. The word you need is vara.
  20. The word for "speak" was "tala".
  21. This is a phrase exactly like in English, except in Swedish words.
  22. Use "ska" for "will".
  23. Yes, write in the word "gjöra". This phrase is four words long in Swedish.
  24. Literally: "Want you do it?", and using the word "gjöra".
  25. You use the word "gjöra" twice. Be careful to use "ska" and not "vill" in the sentence. Moreover, remember that you will say "vi inte kan" in the second sentence, as "inte" moves forward.
  26. Remember that you have to say "they want have something" in Swedish. Also mind the double "l" in "vill".
  27. "I do not have it" will be literally "I have it not".
  28. "Behöver" already means "need to", thus you will not need that word in the sentence.
  29. "Will" was "ska", remember?
  30. Put "et" right after "hus" (without any spaces).
  31. Remember you are saying "the time".
  32. Think carefully whether it is "det" or "den" this time.
  33. Just put "good" and "night" together.
  34. Use the word "hjäjpa".
  35. Use "handhun" to remember the word for "he".
  36. Remember that "the car" is just one word. And, again, "England" is "England".
  37. Use the same word order as in English.
  38. Literally: "what want you?"
  39. Literally: "what have you?"
  40. Use the same word order as in English. From was "från".
  41. Don't forget to make "house" into "the house".
  42. Use the word order "why speak you Swedish?"
  43. Literally: "how want you do it?" Remember the double "l" in "vill".
  44. Remember that this is literally "how have you it?" The word "how" was "hur".
  45. This is "I have it good, thanks".
  46. You are saying "have it so good", and using the word "bra" instead of "god". The imperative word for "have" is only two letters long, and comes from the infinitive form.
  47. Do you remember that "hi" was "hej"? Also, you are asking "how have you it?" (Remember that "how" was "hur".)
  48. You are saying "I have it good, thanks".
  49. The same word order as in English. "From" was "från", and where was "var".
  50. Sweden was "Sverige".
  51. Literally: "No, I speak not English."
  52. This sounds similar to "whatfor?"
  53. Your car comes with a bill, remember?
  54. Be careful to use "en" and "et" where appropriate.
  55. You will be saying "the car", thus add the right article to end the word.
  56. Use the word "vara" for "be". Be careful as to whether you use "det" or "den".
  57. This is, remember, literally "have it so good". Use the word "bra" for "good", and "så" for so.
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