The word for that (as in that thing) is…:
1 translation: That
If you change it a bit by replacing t with k (which is such a question-letter) you get the word for who. Guess how you say who in Lithuanian:
2 translation: Who
If you want to ask who somebody is, you simply say “Who you are” with a rising intonation (you don’t change the word order as English does). Try asking it informally:
3 translation: Who are you?
4 translation: Who has it.
Remember the last lesson and say it with emphasizing “it”.
5 translation: Who has IT?
You already know that almost everything that applies to tas also applies to taip. So, if tas means like that and k is the question letter… can you guess what kaip? means:
6 translation: Kaip
We will be getting back to this later. Now, let’s concentrate on kas.
You will need to ask people formally. Use jūs and ask who you are?
7 translation: Who are you?
You see how it works: you don’t change the word order for questions in Lithuanian so you just put kas in front. Try this with it is. First, say:
8 translation: It is.
9 translation: Who is it?
Do you remember how to say he does:
10 translation: He does.
11 translation: Who does it.
12 translation: Who doesn’t do it?
13 translation: Who wants it?
You can also ask things like:
14 translation: Who’s speaking?
Lithuanians would sometimes phrase that sentence as:
15 translation: Who’s speaking here?
As you see, kas is a very useful word. There is a lot more to how it can be used but we need to learn some other important things before we can do that. We’re going to put that off to a future lesson for now.