Lithuanian Basics: Lesson 18

The word for that (as in that thing) is…:

1 translation: That

If you change it a bit by replacing t with k (which is such a question-letter) you get the word for who. Guess how you say who in Lithuanian:

2 translation: Who

If you want to ask who somebody is, you simply say “Who you are” with a rising intonation (you don’t change the word order as English does). Try asking it informally:

3 translation: Who are you?

What about:

4 translation: Who has it.

Remember the last lesson and say it with emphasizing “it”.

5 translation: Who has IT?

You already know that almost everything that applies to tas also applies to taip. So, if tas means like that and k is the question letter… can you guess what kaip? means:

6 translation: Kaip

We will be getting back to this later. Now, let’s concentrate on kas.

You will need to ask people formally. Use jūs and ask who you are?

7 translation: Who are you?

You see how it works: you don’t change the word order for questions in Lithuanian so you just put kas in front. Try this with it is. First, say:

8 translation: It is.

Now, say:

9 translation: Who is it?

Do you remember how to say he does:

10 translation: He does.

Ask:

11 translation: Who does it.

What about:

12 translation: Who doesn’t do it?

13 translation: Who wants it?

You can also ask things like:

14 translation: Who’s speaking?

Lithuanians would sometimes phrase that sentence as:

15 translation: Who’s speaking here?

As you see, kas is a very useful word. There is a lot more to how it can be used but we need to learn some other important things before we can do that. We’re going to put that off to a future lesson for now.

Answers to Lesson 18

1 answer: Tas
2 answer: Kas
3 answer: Kas tu esi?
4 answer: Kas tai turi?
5 answer: Kas turi tai?
6 answer: How
7 answer: Kas jūs esate?
8 answer: Tai yra.
9 answer: Kas tai yra?
10 answer: Jis daro.
11 answer: Kas tai daro?
12 answer: Kas to nedaro?
13 answer: Kas to nori?
14 answer: Kas kalba?
15 answer: Kas čia kalba?