Lithuanian Basics: Lesson 39

Do you still remember the word for Lithuania?

1 translation: Lithuania

What about: Lithuanianly (that is, in Lithuanian)?

2 translation: In Lithuanian

Lithuanian for he teaches is jis moko.

Think of teaching a monk. Try:

3 translation: He teaches Lithuanian.

It’s an o word so what do you think to teach would be?

4 translation: To teach

If you want to say he learns you simply direct the action (jis moko) to the person by adding si.

So, if you add si to moko, you get he teaches directed to himself, or, he teaches himself - and that means, of course, he learns.

How would you say:

5 translation: He learns Lithuanian.

How would you say:

6 translation: I learn Lithuanian.

If to teach is mokyti, what is to learn (don’t forget that the last i of si drops in to words because they don’t drop ONLY in singular forms (I, informal you, he). Say:

7 translation: To learn

Remember that this i drops in we as well. Try:

8 translation: We learn Lithuanian.

You could have a conversation now where somebody would ask (just by raising intonation):

9 translation: You (informal) learn Lithuanian.

You can also go to the past. First, go to the past with he teaches which is jis moko. Attention to how it ends in o.

10 translation: He taught.

And now simply add that magic si:

11 translation: He learnt.

You also know mokyti (and mokytis) so you can also go to the future.

12 translation: He will teach Lithuanian.

You say mokys (and not mokysi) because you drop that last i. However, if you add si to the end (or s in this case), that i goes back. So, how would you say:

13 translation: He will learn Lithuanian.

Yeah, I know it’s a bit silly. You have sisi in this word but i drops so you get sis. Anyway, talking about that question we have asked, how do you answer:

14 translation: Yes, I learn Lithuanian.

Finally, say:

15 translation: He was learning Lithuanian because he will be teaching Lithuanian.

You can now talk about how you learn Lithuanian now which is kind of nice.

Answers to Lesson 39

1 answer: Lietuva
2 answer: Lietuviškai
3 answer: Jis moko lietuviškai.
4 answer: Mokyti
5 answer: Jis mokosi lietuviškai.
6 answer: Aš mokausi lietuviškai.
7 answer: Mokytis
8 answer: Mes mokomės lietuviškai.
9 answer: Tu mokaisi lietuviškai?
10 answer: Jis mokė.
11 answer: Jis mokėsi.
12 answer: Jis mokys lietuviškai.
13 answer: Jis mokysis lietuviškai.
14 answer: Taip, aš mokausi lietuviškai.
15 answer: Jis mokėsi lietuviškai, nes jis mokys lietuviškai.