Introduction to Icelandic: Lesson 2

Let’s throw in some plurals. Now that we know how to say I, which is ég, we can learn how to say we.

Very often, English words beginning with a w corresponds to Icelandic words beginning with v.

Icelandic for we is við.
Icelandic for we are is við erum.
(The letter Uu sounds like a short i with rounded lips. Somewhat like a French u or a German ü.)

1 translation: We are standing.

2 translation: We are learning.

In Modern English, we use the word you for both singular and plural. In Icelandic there’s a difference between þú and its plural form.

Icelandic for plural you is þið.
Icelandic for plural you are is þið eruð.

(From now on, you’ll see (sg) for singular and (pl) for plural, to avoid any confusions.)

3 translation: You (pl) are sitting.

4 translation: You (pl) are helping.

Let’s learn the word for here, which is very similar to English.

Icelandic for here is hér.

5 translation: You (pl) are here.

6 translation: You (sg) are here.

In English, we differentiate males, females and things with he, she and it respectively, but we don’t make any difference when referring to many people or things with they. In Icelandic, there’s a difference.

Icelandic plural for he, or masculine they, is þeir.
Icelandic for they are is þeir eru (masculine, in this case).

7 translation: They (m) are here.

Icelandic plural for she, or femenine they, is þær.

8 translation: They (f) are here.

Icelandic plural for it, or neuter they, is þau.
(The combination au sounds like ey in they, but with rounded lips.)

9 translation: They (n) are here.

Now that we know how to say we, you and they, let’s introduce some other verbs similar to English.

The verb to send is að senda.

10 translation: We are sending.

11 translation: You (pl) are sending.

The same way it doesn’t change much in English, það doesn’t change in Icelandic either, no matter where you put it.

12 translation: They (n) are sending it.

13 translation: They (f) are sending it here.

Now we can join two sentences with a simple word…

Icelandic for and is og.

14 translation: I am Alex and I am sending it.

15 translation: I am standing and you (sg) are sitting.

Icelandic for to hold is að halda.

16 translation: We are holding it.

17 translation: They (m) are holding it and you (pl) are sending it.

Answers to Lesson 2

1 answer: Við erum að standa.
2 answer: Við erum að læra.
3 answer: Þið eruð að sitja.
4 answer: Þið eruð að hjálpa.
5 answer: Þið eruð hér.
6 answer: Þú ert hér.
7 answer: Þeir eru hér.
8 answer: Þær eru hér.
9 answer: Þau eru hér.
10 answer: Við erum að senda.
11 answer: Þið eruð að senda.
12 answer: Þau eru að senda það.
13 answer: Þær eru að senda það hér.
14 answer: Ég er Alex og ég er að senda það.
15 answer: Ég er að standa og þú ert að sitja.
16 answer: Við erum að halda það.
17 answer: Þeir eru að halda það og þið eruð að senda það.