Lithuanian Basics: Lesson 2

Time to rock again with our next lesson! Let’s remember something. How do you say...

1 translation: He has it

And what about the opposite:

2 translation: He does not have it

Awesome. Now, we are ready to go.

Lithuanian for I is .

The š is pronounced just like sh in English in the word she. No need to worry about those special letters, Lithuanian has 10 of them but all are easy and they resemble Latin letters a lot.

(Useful tip: If you want to type the special letters, in the Lithuanian keyboard layout those letters are typed by pressing numbers on the top of the keyboard. For example, š is typed by pressing the number six. All other letters are just like the English counterparts. I suggest you start using it right away.)

Now, here is the good news: for all words when he does something, to make it I do something, you just add the letter u to the end.

So, try writing:

3 translation: I have

4 translation: I have it

What about wants.

5 translation: He wants it.

Did you remember that nori allies with ne? Alright. Now:

6 translation: I want it.

Cool? It is.

7 translation: I don’t want it.

Now, the iu is pronounced similar to the German ü (like in über). It just ended up being that way because it so happens when you say i and u fast together. Almost all letters are usually pronounced separately in Lithuanian so it is very easy to write but iu is one exception. Its pretty easy, though, so you don’t have to worry about it. Let’s try more difficult sentences.

8 translation: He wants it but I don’t want it.

9 translation: I want it but I don’t have it.

Do you remember how to say:

10 translation: and

So, how do you write:

11 translation: I want it and he wants it.

But we have been talking about him (jis) all the time, haven’t we?

The Lithuanian word for she is ji.

It’s just "jis" with an "s" missing. It’s literally the other way around than in English because in English you have he and she so you add an s at the beginning while in Lithuanian you have jis and ji so you take it away from the end. Try:

12 translation: She has it.

13 translation: She wants it but I have it.

If you add another e to ji you get jie - they.

And some more good news:

The form you use for jie is always (and I mean always, without exceptions) the same form that you use for jis.

Try saying this:

14 translation: He can, she can and they can.

Another nice example:

15 translation: They want it but I have it.

In this example Lithuanians would usually say "bet tai turiu aš" because what they want to emphasize (in this case they would want to emphasize "aš") goes in the end. This is not a strict rule, though, so we can follow it or we can ignore it. Our phrase is very much okay too.

Anyway, what about some negations.

16 translation: He wants it and she wants it but they do not have it.

Here you go: you can already construct pretty long sentences in Lithuanian. That’s it for lesson two. In the next lesson, we are going to learn how to say the remaining forms (you, we) for these words. It’s going to be just as easy. For now, we’re done.

Answers to Lesson 2

1 answer: Jis tai turi.
2 answer: Jis to neturi.
3 answer: Aš turiu
4 answer: Aš tai turiu
5 answer: Jis to nori.
6 answer: Aš to noriu.
7 answer: Aš to nenoriu.
8 answer: Jis to nori, bet aš to nenoriu.
9 answer: Aš to noriu, bet aš to neturiu.
10 answer: ir
11 answer: Aš to noriu ir jis to nori.
12 answer: Ji tai turi.
13 answer: Ji to nori, bet aš tai turiu.
14 answer: Jis gali, ji gali ir jie gali.
15 answer: Jie to nori, bet aš tai turiu.
16 answer: Jis to nori ir ji to nori, bet jie to neturi.