Introduction to Esperanto: 42

You might have one question: why is there no objectivity marking in the last phrase I am a physicist? Well, just look at it: you remove am because it is the action, and you are left with I and a physicist. You could say I am a physicist or a physicist am I, and, apart from the second phrase sounding weird, the meaning of the phrase does not change. That means that the sentence has no object, but two subjects instead. Thus, effectively, Esperanto does not mark objectivity with the word estas.

Yet, while phrases with estas have no object, most other verbs do, so don't forget to think about who the object is in a sentence. Try out a few phrases:

  1. Use a form of the word "ĝi".
  2. Remember the word for "labour".
  3. Don't forget to mark objectivity on the word "saluto"!
  4. We are using it not as a greeting but just describing a day, thus do not mark objectivity on this on. Also, remember that "good" is "bona".
  5. Remember that the word for "to say" is "diri" and use it in the right form. Also don't forget to add the objectivity marker on BOTH the adjective and the noun.
  6. Now do mark objectivity on this one. Remember that you need to mark it on both words.
  7. No need for quotation marks or anything. Also remember to mark objectivity.
  8. This will be just one word, objectivity marked.
  9. Remember that it's similar to the word "salute".
  10. Literally "how you are-doing?"
  11. Use the word "kaj" for "and". Rememeber that "well" is an adverb and will therefore need the "e" ending.
  12. Remember that "badly" is the opposite of "well", so you will be needing to add "mal" somewhere.
  13. Mark objectivity on the word "kio".
  14. "History" is "historio". Mark objectivity on it too.
  15. Literally "where from you are?"
  16. "France" was "Francujo".
  17. Remember the "an" suffix for group members, and also mark objectivity in the second sentence.
  18. Use "kio" as your k-uestion word, and "via" as the word for "your".
  19. Use a form of "study", and also mark objectivity in the second sentence.
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