Introduction to Esperanto: 44

Esperanto uses exactly this construction for greetings!

But if you said the phrase mi diras saluton every time you were greeting somebody, you would quickly get bored and look for ways to shorten in. One of the easiest ways to shorten that sentence is to get rid of everything except the main point: a greeting (although the object marker remains). So:

The Esperanto word for hi is saluton.

The same works for all the other greetings. Look at good day.

Day is tago in Esperanto.

It comes from the German Tag, which also means day, and is related to the English word day.

Let's try to apply it. Firstly say it not as a greeting but just as a phrase, thus you will not be marking objectivity on the first one. Then use it in a sentence, and finally as a greeting. Let's go:

  1. We are using it not as a greeting but just describing a day, thus do not mark objectivity on this on. Also, remember that "good" is "bona".
  2. Remember that the word for "to say" is "diri" and use it in the right form. Also don't forget to add the objectivity marker on BOTH the adjective and the noun.
  3. Now do mark objectivity on this one. Remember that you need to mark it on both words.
  4. No need for quotation marks or anything. Also remember to mark objectivity.
  5. This will be just one word, objectivity marked.
  6. Remember that it's similar to the word "salute".
  7. Literally "how you are-doing?"
  8. Use the word "kaj" for "and". Rememeber that "well" is an adverb and will therefore need the "e" ending.
  9. Remember that "badly" is the opposite of "well", so you will be needing to add "mal" somewhere.
  10. Mark objectivity on the word "kio".
  11. "History" is "historio". Mark objectivity on it too.
  12. Literally "where from you are?"
  13. "France" was "Francujo".
  14. Remember the "an" suffix for group members, and also mark objectivity in the second sentence.
  15. Use "kio" as your k-uestion word, and "via" as the word for "your".
  16. Use a form of "study", and also mark objectivity in the second sentence.
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