Introduction to Russian: 16

Remember that to speak was говорить, and I speak thus became говорю.

We had the у in хочу change to шь in хошешь. We can apply a very similar rule to говорю and have ю change to шь to get from the I to the informal you form.

Russian for you speak is говоришь.

Russian for what about is simply А.

This word А is actually called the contrasting and. It can have the sense of what about. It could also have the sentence of talking about ... or simply and. You use this word when you want to change the subject a bit. You can also you use when you want to contrast with what you talked about (for example, in phrases like I am from Russia, where are you from? - not expecting that the other person will be from Russia too).

Here's an example of how it is used:

I speak Russian. What about you? would be Я говорю по-русски. А ты?

I am from England. And you? would be Я из Англии. А ты?

Let's try applying this:

  1. English will be "по-английски".
  2. Russian will be "по-русски".
  3. Mind the fact that "speaks" takes on "т" in the ending.
  4. The adjective "Russian" describes language, thus it should be "русский".
  5. Use the word "может" for "can".
  6. Use the word "можно".
  7. Skip the words "is it", they are subsumed by "нужно".
  8. Remember that "тут" is positioned in the middle.
  9. Remember that "не" is separate from the verb.
  10. Skip the word "are". Remember that this is to a female.
  11. The word "физика" changes to "физики", which means "of Physics".
  12. Just transliterate it.
  13. Skip the word "is". Moreover, remember that Russian does not have articles, thus there is no "the" either.
  14. The word order will be "station not here".
  15. The word order for this is "what you want?"
  16. Use "извините" for sorry.
  17. The sentences are just two words long each.
  18. Use the contrasting "О" in the second sentence.
  19. Remember that "you understand" is "понимаешь".
  20. Use the pronoun "я" in both sentences. Remember that "yes" is "да". Also remember that "хорошо" will come right after the subject ("Я") in sentence.
  21. Remember the position of "тут" - it comes right after "Я". Also don't forget to use the contrasting and (which is "О") in the right place
  22. Remember that "Maths" is "математика". Apply the transformation of the last letter to "и" in order to get "of Maths".
  23. Use "можно" for "can I have?". This sentence is just two words long.
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