Introduction to Sambahsa: 18

Let's come back to the first person singular ending. For verbs ending with a consonantal sound or « -w » after the stressed syllable, we've seen it's « -o ». But if the verb ends with a long vowel sound (like « poh ») or the semi-vowel j, then the ending is « -m » (Remember the English example « I am »). « To believe » in Sambahsa is « credeih » = krə'de:j. It is stressed on the second syllable. For this reason, the first « e » is pronounced like « e » in « the man », said in English. To express « too, also », Sambahsa uses « -schi » (pronounced like « she » in English », which is suffix to a pronoun.

Translate now into Sambahsa « I believe they make a mistake too » (use the long ending « -ent » for the second verb)

  1. Remember that 'credeih' takes 'm' as an ending in this sentence. The word for 'make a mistake' was 'rhalt'. Only three words in this Sambahsa sentence, and the word order is 'I-believe too they-make-a-mistake'.
  2. Remember that 'schi' gets added directly to the word 'Io'.
  3. Three words in this sentence.
  4. 'You' was 'yu'.
  5. No need for the word for 'we'. Also, don't forget to use 'un' for 'a'.
  6. In Sambahsa: 'Rome', not 'Roma'. 'A' is 'un'.
  7. The key to this sentence is to correctly use 'os' for 'of' and 'ios' for 'of the'. Remember that 'is' is 'est'.
  8. 'Master' was 'mayster', and 'the' was 'i'. Five words in this sentence: 'the slaves are-afraid-of the masters'.
  9. 'Her' refers to 'her own', so you will be using the word 'sien' in this sentence. Moreover, remember that 'tolk' changes its final 'k' to a 'c' when you add the ending 't'. 
  10. Use 'eys' for 'his' in both instances in this phrase. 'Is' is 'est'.
  11. Use 'sien' for 'his', as it refers to 'his own' house. Also remember that 'salg' becomes 'salc' when you add the 't'.
  12. Use 'sien' in this phrase.
  13. Change the 'k' in 'tolk' into a 'c' when the ending is added. For 'the', remember that you will be using 'iom.
  14. Remember that 'car' was 'wogh'.
  15. Remember that 'stah' (like 'poh') simply adds a 't'. Also remember that 'of the' was 'ios' and, finally, street is 'strad'.
  16. Remember that the last 'g' in ghancg will change to an 's' when you add the conjugation ending 's'. Don't forget the personal pronoun right after the verb ('why walk YOU in the middle of the street'). Finally, 'medsu' already includes all of 'the middle of', so next you will only need to say 'the street' in the nominative case.
  17. Remember that you will be adding 'm' to the end of 'vah' for this conjugation. You will not be using the word for 'I'.
  18. Remember, a "gangway" is where you can "ghang". It  has the plural ending 'ent' here. No need to use the word for 'they' in this sentence.
  19. You need to put a hyphenated 'Ee-' before 'docent', not an unhyphenated one.
  20. Remember to pu the hyphenated 'Ee-' before 'gwahnt', and that 'the' will become 'iens' in this sentence.
  21. Remember to use 'Ste' for 'you are', and also to change 'id' to 'iom' before 'mayster'.
1 50