Introduction to Sambahsa: 30

A main feature of Sambahsa is that it uses the same word for the definite article (i.e. the in English) and the personal pronoun of the 3rd person. Thus, id both means it in English, and the before nouns of things in the singular. Ex: "the car" = id wogh. So, you understand now that "the (male) friend" is is prient. As in English, those personal pronouns can have different forms according to their syntactical function. In the accusative (i.e. the object of a verb or after a preposition), is turns to iom, jom, just like English he turns to him. In Sambahsa, this modification will concern the translation of the too. Sambahsa uses the same word as English for taxi, while driver is weghtor. Then, a taxi driver is taxiweghtor taksiwəg'tor. Please, translate now "Ziad talks with the (male) taxi driver" into Sambahsa.

  1. Change the 'k' in 'tolk' into a 'c' when the ending is added. For 'the', remember that you will be using 'iom.
  2. Remember that 'car' was 'wogh'.
  3. Remember that 'stah' (like 'poh') simply adds a 't'. Also remember that 'of the' was 'ios' and, finally, street is 'strad'.
  4. Remember that the last 'g' in ghancg will change to an 's' when you add the conjugation ending 's'. Don't forget the personal pronoun right after the verb ('why walk YOU in the middle of the street'). Finally, 'medsu' already includes all of 'the middle of', so next you will only need to say 'the street' in the nominative case.
  5. Remember that you will be adding 'm' to the end of 'vah' for this conjugation. You will not be using the word for 'I'.
  6. Remember, a "gangway" is where you can "ghang". It  has the plural ending 'ent' here. No need to use the word for 'they' in this sentence.
  7. You need to put a hyphenated 'Ee-' before 'docent', not an unhyphenated one.
  8. Remember to pu the hyphenated 'Ee-' before 'gwahnt', and that 'the' will become 'iens' in this sentence.
  9. Remember to use 'Ste' for 'you are', and also to change 'id' to 'iom' before 'mayster'.
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