Introduction to Sambahsa:
Lesson 5

Sambahsa verbs often use conjugational endings, as, for example, in Spanish or French. On the contrary, English has lost most of them, except the third singular ending of the present tense : « -s ».

In Sambahsa, when a conjugational ending is apparent, the use of the personal pronoun is not necessary.

In the present tense, for verbs ending with a stressed syllable and a consonantal sound (including « w »), the ending for the first person of the singular is « -o », as in Spanish.

Sambahsa infinitives have different endings, must the most common one is « -e ». Note that, as in English, a final « -e » is left unpronounced. Likewise, a « h » after a vowel and before a consonantal sound or nothing is left unpronounced but lenghtens the preceding vowel. Thus « go, depart » is « abgwah » ab'gwa: and the infinitive « to go, to depart » is « abgwahe », pronounced the same way.

In Sambahsa, « must » is « dehlg » ; here again, because of the « h », the central « e » is lengthened : de:lg.

So, how would you say « I must go/depart » ?

I must go/depart.

Answer: Dehlgo abgwahe.
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