Introduction to Sambahsa: 5

Sambahsa verbs often use conjugational endings, as, for example, in Spanish or French. On the contrary, English has lost most of them, except the third singular ending of the present tense : « -s ».

In Sambahsa, when a conjugational ending is apparent, the use of the personal pronoun is not necessary.

In the present tense, for verbs ending with a stressed syllable and a consonantal sound (including « w »), the ending for the first person of the singular is « -o », as in Spanish.

Sambahsa infinitives have different endings, must the most common one is « -e ». Note that, as in English, a final « -e » is left unpronounced. Likewise, a « h » after a vowel and before a consonantal sound or nothing is left unpronounced but lenghtens the preceding vowel. Thus « go, depart » is « abgwah » ab'gwa: and the infinitive « to go, to depart » is « abgwahe », pronounced the same way.

In Sambahsa, « must » is « dehlg » ; here again, because of the « h », the central « e » is lengthened : de:lg.

So, how would you say « I must go/depart » ?

  1. Remember to add that first person singular 'o' ending to 'dehlg' and that infinitive 'e' ending to 'abgwah'.
  2. Five words in this sentence. Remember the first person singular 'o' ending for 'poitt', and that the next word after that is 'io'.
  3. Don't forget the Sambahsa word 'a' - 'un'.
  4. Remember that 'that' was 'tod', and 'probleme' has a final 'e'.
  5. Literally, you will be saying 'And you, do/go you well?'
  6. No need for the word 'wal' after 'leito' - it's implicit. Also, remember that it is 'ego' and not 'io' because the pronoun is stressed.
  7. Use 'poht' for 'drinks'.
  8. Just two words in this sentence.
  9. Don't forget to add the infinitive 'e' ending to 'orbat'.
  10. Literally the four words in this phrase are 'What say you, Mister?'. Don't foget that 'you' was 'yu', and the final 'g' in 'sayg' turns into a 'c' when you add 'te'.
  11. No need for the word 'they'. Use the root 'poh' for 'drink'.
  12. The plural word for 'do' to use will be 'leite'. Literally, this sentence says: 'Do/go the children well?'
  13. Just one word in this phrase.
  14. Remember that 'credeih' takes 'm' as an ending in this sentence. The word for 'make a mistake' was 'rhalt'. Only three words in this Sambahsa sentence, and the word order is 'I-believe too they-make-a-mistake'.
  15. Remember that 'schi' gets added directly to the word 'Io'.
  16. Three words in this sentence.
  17. 'You' was 'yu'.
  18. No need for the word for 'we'. Also, don't forget to use 'un' for 'a'.
  19. In Sambahsa: 'Rome', not 'Roma'. 'A' is 'un'.
  20. The key to this sentence is to correctly use 'os' for 'of' and 'ios' for 'of the'. Remember that 'is' is 'est'.
  21. 'Master' was 'mayster', and 'the' was 'i'. Five words in this sentence: 'the slaves are-afraid-of the masters'.
  22. 'Her' refers to 'her own', so you will be using the word 'sien' in this sentence. Moreover, remember that 'tolk' changes its final 'k' to a 'c' when you add the ending 't'. 
  23. Use 'eys' for 'his' in both instances in this phrase. 'Is' is 'est'.
  24. Use 'sien' for 'his', as it refers to 'his own' house. Also remember that 'salg' becomes 'salc' when you add the 't'.
  25. Use 'sien' in this phrase.
  26. Change the 'k' in 'tolk' into a 'c' when the ending is added. For 'the', remember that you will be using 'iom.
  27. Remember that 'car' was 'wogh'.
  28. Remember that 'stah' (like 'poh') simply adds a 't'. Also remember that 'of the' was 'ios' and, finally, street is 'strad'.
  29. Remember that the last 'g' in ghancg will change to an 's' when you add the conjugation ending 's'. Don't forget the personal pronoun right after the verb ('why walk YOU in the middle of the street'). Finally, 'medsu' already includes all of 'the middle of', so next you will only need to say 'the street' in the nominative case.
  30. Remember that you will be adding 'm' to the end of 'vah' for this conjugation. You will not be using the word for 'I'.
  31. Remember, a "gangway" is where you can "ghang". It  has the plural ending 'ent' here. No need to use the word for 'they' in this sentence.
  32. You need to put a hyphenated 'Ee-' before 'docent', not an unhyphenated one.
  33. Remember to pu the hyphenated 'Ee-' before 'gwahnt', and that 'the' will become 'iens' in this sentence.
  34. Remember to use 'Ste' for 'you are', and also to change 'id' to 'iom' before 'mayster'.
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