Introduction to Swedish: 22

Summarizing everything: we have learnt att vilja (to want) - vill (want), att kunna (to be able to) - kan (can), then ska (shall/will) and now we also know the words göra and något.

We have learned that to make verbs from to do into I do or he does you simply remove att and add an r. That was the first category and it includes over 80% of all words, so that’s a pretty safe bet to do so.

There are, however, a few other ways to do it. Let’s learn one more:

Swedish for to need is att behöva.

Think I need to behave.

The word behöva is one of the verbs that we will call the er-words. They are special because the er-words do not like the ending ar, so they do not simply add the r but also change the letter before to e. Thus their ending becomes er.

How would you say:

  1. "I do not have it" will be literally "I have it not".
  2. "Behöver" already means "need to", thus you will not need that word in the sentence.
  3. "Will" was "ska", remember?
  4. Put "et" right after "hus" (without any spaces).
  5. Remember you are saying "the time".
  6. Think carefully whether it is "det" or "den" this time.
  7. Just put "good" and "night" together.
  8. Use the word "hjäjpa".
  9. Use "handhun" to remember the word for "he".
  10. Remember that "the car" is just one word. And, again, "England" is "England".
  11. Use the same word order as in English.
  12. Literally: "what want you?"
  13. Literally: "what have you?"
  14. Use the same word order as in English. From was "från".
  15. Don't forget to make "house" into "the house".
  16. Use the word order "why speak you Swedish?"
  17. Literally: "how want you do it?" Remember the double "l" in "vill".
  18. Remember that this is literally "how have you it?" The word "how" was "hur".
  19. This is "I have it good, thanks".
  20. You are saying "have it so good", and using the word "bra" instead of "god". The imperative word for "have" is only two letters long, and comes from the infinitive form.
  21. Do you remember that "hi" was "hej"? Also, you are asking "how have you it?" (Remember that "how" was "hur".)
  22. You are saying "I have it good, thanks".
  23. The same word order as in English. "From" was "från", and where was "var".
  24. Sweden was "Sverige".
  25. Literally: "No, I speak not English."
  26. This sounds similar to "whatfor?"
  27. Your car comes with a bill, remember?
  28. Be careful to use "en" and "et" where appropriate.
  29. You will be saying "the car", thus add the right article to end the word.
  30. Use the word "vara" for "be". Be careful as to whether you use "det" or "den".
  31. This is, remember, literally "have it so good". Use the word "bra" for "good", and "så" for so.
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