Introduction to Swedish: 25

Fine, if we are talking about the house, we could also talk about the Swedish words for thing:

Swedish for a thing is en sak.

Attention now! Why is a house - ett hus, but our second word for a thing - en sak. Well, that’s because the word hus is of the neuter gender and the word sak is of non-neuter, that is, masculine or feminine (feminine in this case) gender. You see, all words (or rather nouns) are of one of three genders in Swedish: masculine, feminine or neuter. You can tell their gender by the article they have. For example, ett hus has the article ett (which usually gets shortened to et in other forms) in front of it, and that means it’s neuter, while en sak has an articleen in front of it, so it’s not neuter.

So words can be either: one, neuter if their article is ett or two, non-neuter* (either masculine or feminine, but that doesn’t really matter for our practical purposes) if the article is en.

We won’t bother with genders and will just call the first group ett-words, and the second group en-words.

Having in mind that sak is an en-word, how would you say:

  1. "Will" was "ska", remember?
  2. Put "et" right after "hus" (without any spaces).
  3. Remember you are saying "the time".
  4. Think carefully whether it is "det" or "den" this time.
  5. Just put "good" and "night" together.
  6. Use the word "hjäjpa".
  7. Use "handhun" to remember the word for "he".
  8. Remember that "the car" is just one word. And, again, "England" is "England".
  9. Use the same word order as in English.
  10. Literally: "what want you?"
  11. Literally: "what have you?"
  12. Use the same word order as in English. From was "från".
  13. Don't forget to make "house" into "the house".
  14. Use the word order "why speak you Swedish?"
  15. Literally: "how want you do it?" Remember the double "l" in "vill".
  16. Remember that this is literally "how have you it?" The word "how" was "hur".
  17. This is "I have it good, thanks".
  18. You are saying "have it so good", and using the word "bra" instead of "god". The imperative word for "have" is only two letters long, and comes from the infinitive form.
  19. Do you remember that "hi" was "hej"? Also, you are asking "how have you it?" (Remember that "how" was "hur".)
  20. You are saying "I have it good, thanks".
  21. The same word order as in English. "From" was "från", and where was "var".
  22. Sweden was "Sverige".
  23. Literally: "No, I speak not English."
  24. This sounds similar to "whatfor?"
  25. Your car comes with a bill, remember?
  26. Be careful to use "en" and "et" where appropriate.
  27. You will be saying "the car", thus add the right article to end the word.
  28. Use the word "vara" for "be". Be careful as to whether you use "det" or "den".
  29. This is, remember, literally "have it so good". Use the word "bra" for "good", and "så" for so.
1 50