Introduction to Uzbek Structures: Lesson 3
In the third lesson of this course, you will learn to say how you’re doing, ask about others and say where you are.
First, a review of what you know. You can say what something is:
?This is tea. (This-tea.)|Bu-choy.
You can also say that something is good:
?This tea good.|Bu choy yaxshi.
You can ask if something (like coffee-kofe) is good (using mi):
?This coffee good?|Bu kofe yaxshimi?
You can say that something is not (emas) good:
?This coffee good not.|Bu kofe yaxshi emas.
You can ask where (qayerda) something (like the hotel-bu mehmonxona) is:
?The hotel where?|Bu mehmonxona qayerda?
You can say where something is.
?at the hotel|bu mehmonxonada
You know how to say That is good: U yaxshi}. But if you want to say that you are good, you use an ending, [man:
I am good = Yaxshiman
Say you are good:
In Uzbek, you don’t need the subject pronoun, I (men), but you can add it for emphasis:
?I good-am.|Men yaxshiman.
You can also use this with "post-positional phrases".
I am in the room = (Men) bu xonadaman (xona:room + -da:in + -man:am)
Emphasizing the I by starting with Men, say I am at the hotel:
?I hotel-at-am.|Men mehmonxonadaman.
Now say I am here.
?I here-am.|Men buyerdaman.
The word for you is siz. And -siz is the ending for saying (you) are. So asking where someone is goes like this:
Where are you? = You where-at-are? = Siz qayerdasiz?
?Where are you?|Siz qayerdasiz?
And how would you say, You are there (use siz at the beginning for emphasis):
?You are there.|Siz uyerdasiz.
When you use the question word mi with the endings man and siz, it comes before these personal endings:
Are you good? = Siz yaxshimisiz? (yaxshi:good + mi:? + siz:are)
Are you here? = Siz buyerdamisiz? (bu:this + yer:place + da:at + mi:? + siz:are)
How would you ask, Are you at the hotel? (skip the emphatic siz):
?This hotel-at-?-are|Bu mehmonxonadamisiz?
Give the answer, Yes, I’m at the hotel:
?Yes, this hotel-at-am.|Ha, bu mehmonxonadaman.
As you know, emas is not. To negate a sentence with -man or -siz, add them to emas. So, to say you’re not at the hotel goes like this:
I am not at the hotel = this hotel-at not-am = bu mehmonxonada emasman
Say you’re not in the room:
?This room-at not-am.|Bu xonada emasman.
Let’s have a short phone conversation. Note that when I and you are in surrounded by dashes (-I-), you should start the sentence with men or siz for emphasis. Your colleague starts by asking if you are well.
?Are you well?|Yaxshimisiz?
?-I- am well. Are -you- well?|Men yaxshiman. Siz yaxshimisiz?
He answers, Yaxshi, good, then asks where you are.
?Where are -you-?|Siz qayerdasiz?
Tell him you’re at the hotel.
?I’m at the hotel.|Bu mehmonxonadaman.
He says he’ll see you later and you hang up, before preparing for lesson 4.
In the next lesson, you’ll learn more about postpositions and how to ask for things.Next lesson >