Introduction to Uzbek Structures: Lesson 3

In the third lesson of this course, you will learn to say how you’re doing, ask about others and say where you are.

First, a review of what you know. You can say what something is:

?This is tea. (This-tea.)|Bu-choy.

You can also say that something is good:

?This tea good.|Bu choy yaxshi.

You can ask if something (like coffee-kofe) is good (using mi):

?This coffee good?|Bu kofe yaxshimi?

You can say that something is not (emas) good:

?This coffee good not.|Bu kofe yaxshi emas.

You can ask where (qayerda) something (like the hotel-bu mehmonxona) is:

?The hotel where?|Bu mehmonxona qayerda?

You can say where something is.



?at the hotel|bu mehmonxonada

You know how to say That is good: U yaxshi}. But if you want to say that you are good, you use an ending, [man:

I am good = Yaxshiman

Say you are good:


In Uzbek, you don’t need the subject pronoun, I (men), but you can add it for emphasis:

?I good-am.|Men yaxshiman.

You can also use this with "post-positional phrases".

I am in the room = (Men) bu xonadaman (xona:room + -da:in + -man:am)

Emphasizing the I by starting with Men, say I am at the hotel:

?I hotel-at-am.|Men mehmonxonadaman.

Now say I am here.

?I here-am.|Men buyerdaman.

The word for you is siz. And -siz is the ending for saying (you) are. So asking where someone is goes like this:

Where are you? = You where-at-are? = Siz qayerdasiz?

?Where are you?|Siz qayerdasiz?

And how would you say, You are there (use siz at the beginning for emphasis):

?You are there.|Siz uyerdasiz.

When you use the question word mi with the endings man and siz, it comes before these personal endings:

Are you good? = Siz yaxshimisiz? (yaxshi:good + mi:? + siz:are)

Are you here? = Siz buyerdamisiz? (bu:this + yer:place + da:at + mi:? + siz:are)

How would you ask, Are you at the hotel? (skip the emphatic siz):

?This hotel-at-?-are|Bu mehmonxonadamisiz?

Give the answer, Yes, I’m at the hotel:

?Yes, this hotel-at-am.|Ha, bu mehmonxonadaman.

As you know, emas is not. To negate a sentence with -man or -siz, add them to emas. So, to say you’re not at the hotel goes like this:

I am not at the hotel = this hotel-at not-am = bu mehmonxonada emasman

Say you’re not in the room:

?This room-at not-am.|Bu xonada emasman.

Let’s have a short phone conversation. Note that when I and you are in surrounded by dashes (-I-), you should start the sentence with men or siz for emphasis. Your colleague starts by asking if you are well.

?Are you well?|Yaxshimisiz?

You answer:

?-I- am well. Are -you- well?|Men yaxshiman. Siz yaxshimisiz?

He answers, Yaxshi, good, then asks where you are.

?Where are -you-?|Siz qayerdasiz?

Tell him you’re at the hotel.

?I’m at the hotel.|Bu mehmonxonadaman.

He says he’ll see you later and you hang up, before preparing for lesson 4.

In the next lesson, you’ll learn more about postpositions and how to ask for things.

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