Lithuanian Basics: Lesson 18

The word for that (as in that thing) is…:


If you change it a bit by replacing t with k (which is such a question-letter) you get the word for who. Guess how you say who in Lithuanian:


If you want to ask who somebody is, you simply say “Who you are” with a rising intonation (you don’t change the word order as English does). Try asking it informally:

?Who are you?|Kas tu esi?

What about:

?Who has it.|Kas tai turi?

Remember the last lesson and say it with emphasizing “it”.

?Who has IT?|Kas turi tai?

You already know that almost everything that applies to tas also applies to taip. So, if tas means like that and k is the question letter… can you guess what kaip? means:


We will be getting back to this later. Now, let’s concentrate on kas.

You will need to ask people formally. Use jūs and ask who you are?

?Who are you?|Kas jūs esate?

You see how it works: you don’t change the word order for questions in Lithuanian so you just put kas in front. Try this with it is. First, say:

?It is.|Tai yra.

Now, say:

?Who is it?|Kas tai yra?

Do you remember how to say he does:

?He does.|Jis daro.


?Who does it.|Kas tai daro?

What about:

?Who doesn’t do it?|Kas to nedaro?

?Who wants it?|Kas to nori?

You can also ask things like:

?Who’s speaking?|Kas kalba?

Lithuanians would sometimes phrase that sentence as:

?Who’s speaking here?|Kas čia kalba?

As you see, kas is a very useful word. There is a lot more to how it can be used but we need to learn some other important things before we can do that. We’re going to put that off to a future lesson for now.

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