Portuguese Basics: Lesson 8
Let’s talk about describing things.
The word for this in Portuguese is este.
How would you say:
?This sir doesn’t have time.|Este senhor não tem tempo.
?This time is good.|Este tempo é bom.
?I have this money.|Eu tenho este dinheiro.
The word este is masculine.
Actually, the word este is a weird word because it ends with e and still is masculine. Usually describing words (pronouns, adjectives) that end with e work the same for both genders but este is an exception. It should be esto instead of este if it were totally regular but I guess este sounds better. Anyway.
Knowing that it should be esto for the masculine, can you guess the feminine word for this?
The feminine word for this|Esta
?This lady is good.|Esta senhora é boa.
?This word|Esta palavra
Alright. Now, Portuguese and English are similar in a lot of words. For example:
The Portuguese word for interesting is interessante.
It ends with e and as I have already told you:
Adjectives (i.e. words that describe things) that end with e work for both masculine and feminine words.
So, how would you say:
?This word is interesting.|Esta palavra é interessante.
?This time is interesting.|Este tempo é interessante.
Now, if you wanted to say interesting word or interesting time you would actually switch these and say word interesting or time interesting. This happens all the time in Portuguese. Try it:
?An interesting time|Um tempo interessante
?An interesting word|Uma palavra interessante
Knowing that interesting is interessante, could you try to guess the Portuguese word for important:
?It is very important.|É muito importante.
?It is very interesting but not very important.|É muito interessante mas não é muito importante.
You can even say:
?The interesting word is important.|A palavra interessante é importante.
So, here is how describing things works. We are going to expand this knowledge now.Next lesson >