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Introduction to German:
Lesson 7

By Kugel

Where does she live?

Answer: Wo wohnt sie?
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The aunt is living

Answer: Die Tante lebt
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Recall before how nein means no. Use kein for not a, not any, none. Be sure to decline kein just as you wound with ein.

The word for the weapon is die Waffe

Is that a weapon?

Answer: Ist das eine Waffe?
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No, that is not a weapon

Answer: Nein, das ist keine Waffe
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The word for pencil is der Bleistift

The word for or is oder

Is that a weapon or a pencil?

Answer: Ist das eine Waffe oder ein Bleistift?
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That is a pencil

Answer: Das ist ein Bleistift
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Is a pencil a weapon?

Answer: Ist ein Bleistift eine Waffe?
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No, a pencil is not a weapon

Answer: Nein, ein Bleistift ist keine Waffe
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You have driven to Berlin

Answer: Sie sind nach Berlin gefahren
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Note that we’ve been using the indefinite articles eine and ein when using kein. When using definite articles or possessive pronouns, use nicht for not.

Is that my aunt?

Answer: Ist das meine Tante?
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The word for uncle is der Onkel

Is that my uncle?

Answer: Ist das mein Onkel?
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No, that is not your uncle

Answer: Nein, das ist nicht Ihr Onkel
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That is your aunt

Answer: Das ist Ihre Tante
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Where is Boris?

Answer: Wo ist Boris?
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Boris is in Chicago

Answer: Boris ist in Chicago
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Boris has a weapon

Answer: Boris hat eine Waffe
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The phrase at home is zu Hause. Home is das Haus. Haus is special when it comes to zu Hause or nach Hause. Normally, Haus in the dative isn’t declined, but for reasons that I won’t get into, zu Hause and nach Hause are special with the e hanging on the end.

Boris is at home

Answer: Boris ist zu Hause
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Is the weapon at home?

Answer: Ist die Waffe zu Hause?
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No, Boris has the weapon

Answer: Nein, Boris hat die Waffe
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Sophie has driven to Berlin

Answer: Sophie ist nach Berlin gefahren
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Sophie has driven home

Answer: Sophie ist nach Hause gefahren
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The phrase far from here is weit von hier

Is the car far from here?

Answer: Ist das Auto weit von hier?
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No, the car is at home

Answer: Nein, das Auto ist zu Hause
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Recall before how we had dort meaning there. Da is another word for there.

My weapon is there

Answer: Meine Waffe ist da
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I’m expecting the weapon

Answer: Ich erwarte die Waffe
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I’m studying Boris now

Answer: Ich studiere Boris jetzt
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I gave the weapon to Sophie

Answer: Ich gab der Sophie die Waffe
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Were you wondering whether or not to use a definite article with a name? It all depends on the dialect. For purposes of this course, just use the definite article when using a name.

The communist gave the capitalist the weapon

Answer: Der Kommunist gab dem Kapitalisten die Waffe
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Is that your weapon or my weapon?

Answer: Ist das Ihre Waffe oder meine Waffe?
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That is your weapon

Answer: Das ist Ihre Waffe
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Is your aunt at home?

Answer: Ist Ihre Tante zu Hause?
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No, my aunt is far from here

Answer: Nein, meine Tante ist weit von hier
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Where is my pencil?

Answer: Wo ist mein Bleistift?
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The child has your pencil

Answer: Das Kind hat Ihr Bleistift
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Where is your weapon?

Answer: Wo ist Ihre Waffe?
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I don’t have a weapon

Answer: Ich habe keine Waffe
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I don’t have the weapon

Answer: Ich habe die Waffe nicht
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