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Introduction to Uyghur:
Lesson 3

By boracasli

Cases

Below are the cases in Uyghur:

Nominative = Ø

Genitive = -ning

Dative = -gha, -ge, -qa, -ke

Accusative = -ni

Locative = -da, -de

Ablative = -din

Genitive Case

The genitive case doesn’t change words ending in consonants, but in vowels.

e.g.

"bashning" (bash + -ning) "of a/the head"

"balining" (bala + -ning) "of a/the child", not "balaning"

The word for child is bala.
The word for language is til.

Let’s practise the genitive case with exercises.

bala

Answer: balining
Not correct. Please try again.

Xenzuche

Answer: Xenzuchining
Not correct. Please try again.

til

Answer: tilning
Not correct. Please try again.

Dative Case

The suffix -gha is used if the word ends in a back vowel or a soft consonant, the last vowel being a back vowel.

The suffix -ge is used if the word ends in a front vowel or a soft consonant, the last vowel being a back vowel.

The suffix -qa is used if the word ends in a back vowel or a hard consonant, the last vowel being a back vowel.

The suffix -ke is used if the word ends in a front vowel or a hard consonant, the last vowel being a back vowel.

There will be no change in words unless the word ends in a vowel.

Let’s practise the dative case too with exercises.

qulaq

Answer: qulaqqa
Not correct. Please try again.

til

Answer: tilge
Not correct. Please try again.

Accusative Case

The accusative case is formed by adding "-ni" to the end of the word.

Again, there will be no change in words unless the word ends in a vowel.

Let's practise the accusative case too with exercises.

qulaq

Answer: qulaqni
Not correct. Please try again.

bala

Answer: balini
Not correct. Please try again.

Locative Case